The case against full probability distributions in perceptual decision making
Rahnev, D. (submitted)
Preprint available on bioRxiv

Is perception probabilistic? Clarifying the definitions
Rahnev, D., Block, N., Denison, R.N., & Jehee, J. (in revision at Neurons, Behavior, Data analysis, and Theory).
Preprint available on PsyArXiv

Predicting confidence across observers and cognitive domains
Mei, N., Rahnev, D., & Soto, D. (in revision at Psychonomic Bulletin & Review).
Preprint available on PsyArXiv

How do humans give confidence? A comprehensive comparison of process models of metacognition
Shekhar, M. & Rahnev, D. (Submitted).
Preprint available on PsyArXiv

Idiosyncratic relation between human brain activity and behavior
Nakuci, J., Yeon, J., Xue, K., Kim, J.-H., Kim, S.-P. (Submitted).
Preprint available on biorxiv

A neural network that exhibits the signatures of human perceptual decision making
Rafiei, F. & Rahnev, D. (Submitted).
Preprint available on biorxiv

Functional organization for visual serial dependence in lateral frontal cortex.
Bliss, D.P., Rahnev, D., & D’Esposito, M. (Submitted).

2022 and in press

3D-printed stand, timing interface, and coil localization tools for concurrent TMS-fMRI experiments
Goldstein, S., Rafiei, F. & Rahnev, D. (2022)
Brain Stimulation. (In press)
Files for tools

TMS does not increase BOLD activity at the site of stimulation: A review of all concurrent TMS-fMRI
Rafiei, F. & Rahnev, D. (2022)

The Impact of Feedback on Perceptual Decision-Making and Metacognition: Reduction in Bias but No Change in Sensitivity
Haddara, N & Rahnev, D. (2022)
Psychological Science. Vol. 33(2) 259–275
Data and Code

Across-subject correlation between confidence and accuracy: A meta- analysis of the Confidence Database
Jin, S., Verhaeghen, P., & Rahnev, D. (2022)
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.
Data and Code

Consensus goals for the field of visual metacognition
Rahnev, Dobromir; Balsdon, Tarryn; Charles, Lucie; De Gardelle, Vincent; Denison, Rachel; Desender, Kobe; Faivre, Nathan; Filevich, Elisa; Fleming, Stephen; Jehee, Janneke; Lau, Hakwan; Lee, Alan; Locke, Shannon; Mamassian, Pascal; Odegaard, Brian; Peters, Megan; Reyes, Gabriel; Rouault, Marion; Sackur, Jérôme; Samaha, Jason; Sergent, Claire; Sherman, Maxine Tamara; Siedlecka, Marta; Soto, David; Vlassova, Alexandra; Zylberberg, Ariel (2022)
Perspectives on Psychological Science.
Data and Code


Visual metacognition: Models, measures and neural correlates
Rahnev, D. (2021)
American Psychologist. 76(9): 1445–1453

A robust confidence–accuracy dissociation via criterion attraction
Rahnev, D. (2021)
Neuroscience of Consciousness. 2021(1): niab039
Data and Code

Inferring serial correlation with dynamic background
Wei, S., Xie, Y. & Rahnev, D. (2021)
International Conference on Machine Learning 139:11047-11057

Evidence for Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Induced Functional Connectivity Oscillations in the Brain
Vergara, V.M., Rafiei, F., Wokke, M.E., Lau, H., Rahnev, D., Calhoun, V.D. (2021)
Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC) 1407-1411

Response bias reflects individual differences in sensory encoding
Rahnev, D. (2021)
Psychological Science. 32(7):1157-11687
Data and Code

Transcranial magnetic stimulation alters multivoxel patterns in the absence of overall activity changes
Rafiei, F., Safrin, M., Wokke, M.E, Lau, H & Rahnev, D. (2021)
Human Brain Mapping. 42(12):3804-3820
Data and Code

Examining the robustness of the relationship between metacognitive efficiency and metacognitive bias
Xue, K., Shekhar, M. & Rahnev, D. (2021)
Consciousness and cognition. 95:103196
Data and Code

Awake suppression after brief exposure to a familiar stimulus
Bang, J.W & Rahnev, D. (2021)
Communications Biology. 4:348
Data and Code

The nature of metacognitive imperfection in perceptual decision making
Shekhar, M. & Rahnev, D. (2021)
Psychological Review 128. 45-70
Data and Code

Qualitative speed-accuracy tradeoff effects that cannot be explianed by the diffusion model under the selective influence assumption
Rafiei, F. & Rahnev, D. (2021)
Scientific Reports. 11:45
Data and Code

Sources of metacognitive inefficiency
Shekhar, M. & Rahnev, D. (2021)
Trends in Cognitive Science. 25(1):12-23


Overlapping and unique neural circuits support perceptual decision making and confidence
Yeon, J. & Rahnev, D. (2020)
Scientific Reports. 10:20761
Data and Code

Confidence in the real world
Rahnev, D. (2020)
Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 24(8):590-591

The suboptimality of perceptual decision making with multiple alternatives
Yeon, J. & Rahnev, D. (2020)
Nature Communications. 11:3857
Data and Code

The Confidence Database
Rahnev, D., Desender, K., Lee, A.L.F., et al. [83 authors total](2020)
Nature Human Behaviour 4:317-325
Data and Code

Resource-rational analysis versus resource-rational humans
Rahnev, D. (2020)
Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 43:e19. [Commentary]


Sensory noise increases metacognitive efficiency
Bang, J.W., Shekhar, M., & Rahnev, D. (2019)
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 148(3):437-452
Data and Code

Predictive cues reduce but do not eliminate intrinsic response bias
Hu, M. & Rahnev, D. (2019)
Cognition 192:104004
Data and Code

Post-training TMS abolishes performance improvement and releases future learning from interference
Bang, J.W., Milton, D., Sasaki, Y., Watanabe, T., & Rahnev, D. (2019)
Communications Biology 2(1):320
Data and Code

The Bayesian brain: What is it and do humans have it?
Rahnev, D. (2019)
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42:e238. [Commentary]

How experimental procedures influence estimates of metacognitive ability
Rahnev, D. & Fleming S.M. (2019)
Neuroscience of Consciousness 2019(1):niz009
Data and Code

Resolving age differences in working memory: Removing differences in perceptual ability eliminates age-related working memory deficits
Verhaeghen, P., Geigerman, S., Yang, H., Montoya, A., & Rahnev, D. (2019)
Experimental Aging Research 45(2):120-134

Opportunities and Challenges for a Maturing Science of Consciousness
Michel, M., Beck, D., Block, N., Blumenfeld, H., Brown, R, Carmel, D., Carrasco, M., Chirimuuta, M., Chun, M., Cleeremans, A., Dehaene, S., Fleming, S.M., Frith, C., Haggard, P., He, B., Heyes, C., Goodale, M.A., Irvine, L., Kawato, M., Kentridge, R., King, J.-R., Knight, R.T., Kouider, S., Lamme, V., Lamy, D., Lau, H., Laureys, S., LeDoux, J., Lin, Y.-T., Liu, K., Macknik, S.L., Martinez-Conde, S., Mashour, G.A., Melloni, L., Miracchi, L., Mylopoulos, M., Naccache, L., Owen, A.M., Passingham, R.E., Pessoa, L., Peters, M.A.K., Rahnev, D., Ro, T., Rosenthal, D., Sasaki, Y., Sergent, C., Solovey, G., Schiff, N.D., Seth, A., Tallon-Baudry, C., Tamietto, M., Tong, F., van Gaal, S., Vlassova, A., Watanabe, T., Weisberg, J., Yan, K., Yoshida, M. (2019)
Nature Human Behaviour 3:104-107


Suboptimality in perception decision making
Rahnev, D.* & Denison, R.N.* (2018)
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41:e223. [Target Article]

Behavior is sensible but not globally optimal: Seeking common ground in the optimality debate
Rahnev, D. & Denison, R.N. (2018)
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41:e223. [Authors’ Response to Commentaries]

Feature-specific awake reactivation in human V1 after visual training
Bang, J.W., Sasaki, Y., Watanabe, T., & Rahnev, D. (2018)
Journal of Neuroscience 38(45):9648-9657
Data and Code

Distinguishing the roles of dorsolateral and anterior PFC in visual metacognition
Shekhar, M. & Rahnev, D. (2018)
Journal of Neuroscience 38(22):5078-5087
Data and Code

An informal internet survey on the current state of consciousness science
Michel, M., Fleming, S.M., Lau, H., Lee, A.L.F., Martinez-Conde, S., Passingham, R.E., Peters, M.A.K., Rahnev, D., Sergent, C., & Liu, K. (2018)
Frontiers in Psychology 9:2134


Stimulus expectation alters decision criterion but not sensory signal in perceptual decision making
Bang & Rahnev (2017)
Scientific Reports 7:17072
Data and Code

Top-down control of perceptual decision making by the prefrontal cortex
Rahnev (2017)
Current Directions in Psychological Science 26(5):464-469

Causal evidence for frontal cortex organization for perceptual decision making
Rahnev, Nee, Riddle, Larson, & D’Esposito (2016)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 113(20):6059-6064
Data and Code

Confidence leak in perceptual decision making
Rahnev, Koizumi, McCurdy, D’Esposito, & Lau (2015)
Psychological Science 26(11):1664-1680
Data and Code

Low attention impairs optimal incorporation of prior knowledge in perceptual decisions
Morales, Solovey, Maniscalco, Rahnev, de Lange, & Lau (2015)
Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics 77(6):2021-2036


Continuous theta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation reduces resting state connectivity between visual areas
Rahnev, Kok, Munneke, Bahdo, de Lange, & Lau (2013)
Journal of Neurophysiology 110(8):1811-1821

Entrainment of neural activity using transcranial magnetic stimulation
Rahnev (2013)
Journal of Neuroscience 33(28):11325-11326

Pre-stimulus oscillatory activity over motor cortex reflects perceptual expectations
de Lange, Rahnev, Donner, & Lau (2013)
Journal of Neuroscience 33(4):1400-1410


Pre-stimulus hemodynamic activity in dorsal attention network is negatively associated with decision confidence in visual perception
Rahnev, Bahdo, de Lange, & Lau (2012)
Journal of Neurophysiology 108(5):1529-1536

Attention reverses the effect of prediction in silencing sensory signals
Kok, Rahnev, Jehee, Lau, & de Lange (2012)
Cerebral Cortex 22(9):2197-2206

Direct injection of noise to the visual cortex decreases accuracy but increases decision confidence
Rahnev, Maniscalco, Luber, Lau, & Lisanby (2012)
Journal of Neurophysiology 107(6):1556-1563

Subliminal stimuli in the near absence of attention influence top-down cognitive control
Rahnev, Huang, & Lau (2012)
Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics 74(3):521–532

Attention induces conservative subjective biases in visual perception
Rahnev, Maniscalco, Graves, Huang, de Lange, & Lau (2011)
Nature Neuroscience 14(12):1513-1515

Prior expectation modulates the interaction between sensory and prefrontal regions in the human brain
Rahnev, Lau, & de Lange (2011)
Journal of Neuroscience 31(29):10741-10748


Probabilistic model of onset detection explains previous puzzling findings in human time perception
Nikolov*, Rahnev*, & Lau (2010)
Frontiers in Psychology 1:37

Using conjoint analysis to detect discrimination: Revealing covert preferences from overt choices
Caruso, Rahnev, & Banaji (2009)
Social Cognition 27(1):128-137

* authors contributed equally to the work